Question – what’s the most famous dish in Spain? Answer – paella! And our part of eastern Spain, the Comunidad Valenciana, is where you’ll find the real thing.
The raw material for paella comes from the rice fields around Valencia. And the fishing fleet in our town, Villajoyosa, near Alicante, supplies another key ingredient for a great rice dish – wonderful fresh seafood. Jump down to the end of this post to find my restaurant recommendations.
You’ll often see paella called arroz (simply ‘rice’) on local menus. That’s because there’s actually a whole range of rice dishes to choose from, not just paella. So here’s my guide to the best arroz in Spain.
Paella de Mariscos, made with cigalas (langoustines/Dublin Bay Prawns) and gambas (prawns)
Rice dishes tick three boxes: they’re delicious, they’re very filling and also great value, especially if they come as part of a menu del dia (menu of the day), served every weekday in Spanish restaurants.
The minimum order for any rice dish is usually two people, as the rice is prepared in a large round metal pan – a paellera – which ensures the rice is cooked evenly. Some restaurants will do portions for one person, but by no means all.
A guide to the different kinds of paella
A paella valenciana will contain chicken and rabbit. Paella aficionados from Valencia insist that this is the only true paella. For them, everything else is simply ‘arroz’ – a rice dish, unworthy of the great name paella!
A paella marinera or paella de marisco will contain plenty of seafood.
A paella mixta (the clue is in the name) will have a mixture of fish, seafood, chicken and maybe peppers or beans. Definitely not chorizo (spicy sausage) though; Brit celebrity chef Jamie Oliver almost caused an international incident when his recipe included it. Proper paella fans were horrified!
A paella negra/arroz negro has black rice, coloured with squid ink. I’ve recently come across dishes made with arroz venere – a naturally black rice developed in China, grown in Italy and supposed to be higher in fibre – though I’ve not tried it yet.
The traditional paella vilera (paella from here in Villajoyosa/La Vila Joiosa) features rabbit (conejo), chick peas (garbanzos) and may even include snails (caracoles). Slightly odd for a seaside town, but there you go!
Try arroz a banda, a typical rice dish of the area around Alicante. The rice is cooked using fish stock, with added pieces (tropezones) of squid (calamar), cuttlefish (sepia) and maybe tuna (atún). You sometimes see it called arroz del senyoret.
Top quality rice (arroz abanda) in a traditional paellera, El Hogar del Pescador
You could really push the boat out and order a caldero de pescado. First you’ll be served your fish, and while you’re eating that, the stock from cooking your fish will be used to prepare arroz a banda. Don’t plan on doing anything for the rest of the day! Caldero is a typical dish of Murcia and the island of Tabarca off the coast of Alicante.
Arroz al horno de leña
Travel a few kilometres inland from Villajoyosa to sample a different rice style “arroz al horno de leña“. The rice is cooked in a wood-fired oven (el horno), rather than in a traditional paellera on a stove. Often prepared in an earthenware bowl, it contains potatoes, morcilla (black pudding/blood sausage), a whole bulb of garlic, tomatoes, chicken, pork and chick peas and probably anything else that takes the cook’s fancy on the day.
It’s nothing like the arroz dishes you get on the coast – not a pescado nor a gamba in sight – but it’s still delicious and warming on a cold winter’s day. The arroz below came from Restaurante Xiri in Monóvar, half an hour’s drive inland from Alicante.
Rice cooked in a wood oven (arroz al horno de leña). Prepared in an earthenware bowl, it’s a typical country rice dish. No fish or seafood involved.
Try also fideuà, cooked the same way as paella but with noodles instead of rice, a dish originally from Gandia up the coast towards Valencia.
The veggie option!
Vegetarians can request an arroz/paella de verduras (vegetables) in most places, although be warned; the rice itself may have been cooked in fish stock (caldo de pescado). If in doubt, ask your waiter.
Different rice styles: seco, caldoso or meloso
So those are the main arroz dishes on offer – but there’s one further choice to make. In the better rice restaurants, you will be asked whether you want your arroz/paella prepared in seco, caldoso or meloso style.
Arroz seco (literally, “dry rice”) is the classic rice dish that most people go for – including me – so called because the rice has absorbed all the fish stock.
Then there’s arroz caldoso, best translated as rice served in a thick stock (the caldo). There’s also arroz meloso, which is creamier.
It’s all about the rice!
Valencian chefs use a short grain rice (usually bomba) which soaks up all the flavour from the fish stock, but doesn’t fall apart as it cooks. There’s nothing worse than mushy, overcooked rice in a paella dish.
Arroz aficionados might tell you that calasparra rice from Murcia, the next province along from Alicante, is the best. And the Ebro Delta in Catalonia produces plenty of fine rice too. But who’s arguing?
To make it even tastier, your arroz is usually served with ali oli, a garlic mayonnaise, and wedges of lemon.
Saffron: the most expensive spice on earth
The traditional golden colour of a rice dish comes from saffron and most of the saffron comes from La Mancha in central Spain. Saffron threads are plucked laboriously by hand from the crocus flower – it takes 150 flowers to produce a gram of saffron, which explains the price tag. Just half a gram of azafrán manchego can cost €5 – but for that money you get enough saffron threads for several arroz dishes.
Cheap tourist restaurants will try to save money by using turmeric food colouring instead – it’s a fraction of the price of saffron. Before you order, look at the rice other people are eating – if it’s too yellow, be very suspicious.
Top paella tip!
In good rice restaurants, the hot paellera should be brought to the table so you can see the dish is freshly made.
Ask the waiter to leave the paellera in the middle of your table and dig in. That way, you get to pinch the socarrat; the crusty, slightly burned bit at the centre of the pan that you get when the rice is cooked just right. Delicious! And rice dishes are all about sharing with friends – so get stuck in!
Rubbish paella – and how to avoid it
- Have a look at other tables before you order. Does the rice look wet and shiny? Probably because it hasn’t absorbed all the stock. The chef (if that’s the right word) is in too much of a hurry, or…more likely…doesn’t know what he/she is doing.
- It’s too yellow. The odds are that genuine saffron hasn’t been used.
- You never get to see the paellera, the paella pan. This probably means that they cook the rice in a big batch out the back, and simply scoop it onto your plate. Or it’s been frozen and warmed up in the microwave.
- There’s pizza on the same menu! Avoid at all costs!
- There are photos of paella outside the restaurant. A good rice place will assume you know what a paella looks like!
- Paella may be the most famous Spanish dish, but it’s not served everywhere in Spain. My personal rule of thumb – the further you are from the Comunidad Valenciana (the spiritual home of paella) the less likely you are to get good rice.
Where to eat the best rice in Villajoyosa
Most restaurants in our town – Villajoyosa/La Vila Joiosa – feature rice dishes. But these are our favourites:
- Ca Marta really good quality here; our current favourite. Eat on the terrace by the Avenida del Port for the arroz de la semana (rice of the week) or go inside to the restaurant for a greater choice of rice dishes.
- El Hogar del Pescador: pricey, but one of the best in town, served in a great location overlooking the marina.
- In the town centre, Tres14 on Calle Colón near the tourist office is excellent. Their cooking style is ‘cuina de barco’ (shipboard cooking), trying to recreate the way arroz would have been cooked at sea back in the day. The ship’s cook would have taken a sack of rice on board and prepared it with whatever fish or seafood the crew caught on the day.
- Club Nàutic (yacht club) order the rice dish on the menu del dia and get a great view of the marina from the terrace thrown in
- On the seafront in the old town: La Marina and El Madrid (good menus del dia, good value for money). La Marina is a bit basic; El Madrid is ahead on quality.
Out of town
- Casa Modesto on the beach at Cala de Finestrat (the next town up the coast from La Vila towards Benidorm). Pick a table looking out to sea – the beachfront hotels are a real eyesore. Closed till spring 2022.
- Casa Domingo in Playa San Juan. A little further south towards Alicante. Right on the huge San Juan beach (Avenida de Niza). Great rice, good wines and a great beach view. Booking advisable. Try also Casa Julio, right next door – it’s just as good. Both places have great value set menus.
Take a look at this website called Wikipaella, run by a group of Valencian paella fans. There is an interactive map (link here) where you can search for a recommended paella restaurant near you, or even for the style of arroz you prefer
The Valencian regional government declared paella to be an ‘official cultural asset’ (known as a Bien de Interés Cultural or BIC in Spain) in autumn 2021, because paella ‘promotes unity and sharing’. And who’s to argue – when everyone is sat around a table digging in to a delicious rice dish, you don’t get more unified or share-y than that!
© Guy Pelham
- Want to know more? Read my guide to a Spanish fish menu here
- And here’s how to find your way around a Spanish seafood menu
- Buying Manchego cheese – one of the great tastes of Spain
- Jamón ibérico – buying the finest Spanish ham
- A meat-eater’s guide to a Spanish menu
- Best places to eat and drink in Villajoyosa